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Help each other with knowledge, not hype

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Wading through the swamp. Squish squish.

NYKÖPING (Rixstep) – Granted, there are always new arrivals to a platform. The many who come to MacOS from another Unix are relatively educated before they arrive. Windows refugees should be thrilled to get off the boat, and yes, they need some handholding. The legacy MacOS users, on the other hand, should be a race that is now gone.

So why are all hype? Why all the dumbed-down clickbait? Where is the spirit of community? Have things gone so wrong?

Apple did some marketing games before the new millennium, trying to get its $ 429 million on the acquisition of space age, NeXTSTEP, see more "Macs", although several members of the management were "Not so concerned about the idea (and Apple lost big reasons for Microsoft that had not yet consolidated its market dominance with Win98SE.

But in 201

9, Clickbait says people should hide things on a Mac? Oy vey.

Some basic rules.

  1. Your Mac is not a personal computer. This is not to say that it is not a Windows PC, but that it is not personal . No Unix system is. Check where your own files are located. ( If you need help with this, burn up Terminal.app and stroke in & rdquo; pwd.) You see that the path of your own files is below & # 39; / Users & # 39; Note – it's PLURAL. That's where all user files go on a Mac.

    [Don’t confuse this with ‘/usr’ which is the legacy location, and for goodness sake don’t do as that mainstream pundit who reckoned he already had a directory like that and used C*cktail to remove it. In general: if you don’t know what you’re doing, don’t do it, and always assume by default that you don’t know anything. Cheers. Ed.]

  2. There's no way to hide things on Ma c, because it is not possible to hide things on Unix. Read it again until you know it by heart, as an eternal truth. Unix directory entries can skip specific files – but only as a convenience . You can't hide anything on a Mac. Period. In fact, your Finder, a supposed (ahem) file manager, won't reveal specific file system elements, but it's definitely just Finder, Finder has little to do with your underlying system, and some after your taxes won't use the Finder anyway. (How to get the job done.)

    [Yes, this was used to great effect with the iPod, but was child’s play to defeat. Ed.]

  3. You can go about making disk files and encrypted PDFs, and so on, for a vain effort to prevent others from seeing your carefully guarded secrets – but do you really know what you are doing ? You go to System Preferences -> Users and Groups and create a GUEST ACCOUNT (or activate one if it already exists).
  4. You should also mask your own user area. You do this so no one else – save the superuser, whether something is "hidden" or not – can come in there anyway. This is very easy. And this is done very easily from the command line (Terminal.app).

    chown -fR 501: 20 ~; chmod 0700 ~

    These two commands ensure essentially that 1) you (as a member of the group's employees) own everything in your user area, and 2) you mask access to that area so that you and you alone can enter. Users who run guest accounts on your Mac can access many things – but not your stuff.

Security and privacy in a home context is not about locking down individual files, but about preventing access to entire sites. Are you sure you have everything, haven't you forgotten something important?

Own your home area and mask it off.

& # 39; It is said … & # 39;

That said, there are areas of your file system that still contain sensitive personal information. This is mostly due to the fact that at times there are quite confused ambitions and concepts used by the "engineers responsible".

[Several US government agencies have released ‘hardened’ versions of macOS, but mostly you won’t have to go that far, unless you have people from Chinese intel around for a sleep-over. Ed.]

For example: It is generally a bad idea to put your own software purchases in / Programs . Yes, every ISV product and its half sister want to push you in that direction, but resist if you can.

You should put your own software in ~ / Programs . No, this directory does not exist on an OOTB Mac, but it is already recognized by MacOS. It is only when you want other (guests) users to have access to your software as you put it into / Applications .

Traditionally ~ / Programs has been a huge headache for Mac users and Apple engineers. Permissions on these files have been hugely confused (and confusing). And these rebels were often caused by Apple. And they were highlighted in the month of Apple Bugs. Avoid / Programs at all costs.

/ Applications should only be used for "user" software that is not affiliated with the system vendor (Apple) anyway. / System / Applications would be the ideal place for Apple's own stuff. They give you / System / Library / CoreServices instead.

For what it is worth: the following are the paths officially recognized by macOS Mojave 10.14.3. All paths that begin with a tilde (& # 39; ~ & # 39;) are in your user area. They're yours. Affordable you only need ~ / Programs . Use it.

NSAllDomainsMask, NSAllApplicationsDirectory
"~ / Applications",
"~ / Applications / Utilities",
"~ / Developer / Applications",
"~ / Programs / Demos",
"/ Applications"
"/ Applications / Tools",
"/ Developer / Applications",
"/ Programs / Demos",
"/ Network / Applications",
"/ Network / Applications / Tools",
"/ Network / Developer / Applications",
"/ Network / Programs / Demos"

Then, the site / Library may also contain things you don't want others to see. Try your guest account at / Library before you borrow the account.

The money is king, hooks on every corner

Many of these new "Mac sites" appear like mushrooms in recent years, it only exists for one purpose: advertising revenue. In a word: they live on clickbait. Stick to the sites that actually teach you things – preferably on a single page without advertising. Mac Daily News, MacSurfer and MacRumors are highly recommended. There are more and more of these pointless, beyond trivial, clickbait pieces out there. You can learn something – after wading through a swamp of doodads that generate views – so instead of shaking your head, count the number of ads per page.
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About Rixstep

Stockholm / London-based Rixstep is a constellation of programmers and support staff from Radsoft Laboratories who are tired of Windows vulnerabilities, Linux driver issues and curse of x86 hardware all day. Rixstep has many years of experience with his work, with teaching and consulting services from such as British Aerospace, General Electric, Lockheed Martin, Lloyds TSB, SAAB Defense Systems, British Broadcasting Corporation, Barclays Bank, IBM, Microsoft and Sony / Ericsson.

Rixstep and Radsoft products are or have been used by Swedish Royal Mail, Sony / Ericsson, the US Defense Department, the offices of the US Supreme Court, the Government of Western Australia, the German Federal Police, Verizon Wireless, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Microsoft Corporation, New York Times, Apple Inc, Oxford University and hundreds of research institutes worldwide. See here.

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John Cattelin
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