Katie Hafner (via Rodney Brooks ):
Dr. Corbató, who spent his entire career at M.I.T., oversees a project in the early 1960s called the Compatible Time Sharing System, or C.T.S.S., which allowed multiple users in different locations to access a single computer simultaneously over telephone lines.[…]
C.T.S.S. gave rise to a successor project called Multics, which Dr. Corbató also led. He told the Babbage Institute, "Multics started as a sort of wish list of what we want to see in a large computer system that can be done as a commercial model."
Multics was a collaboration between MIT, AT & T's Bell Laboratories and General Electric. It failed as a commercial work, but it inspired a team of computer scientists at Bell Labs to create Unix, a data-processing system that took root in the 1970s, and was adopted in the 80s and 90s. […]
During the course of refining time-sharing systems in the 1960s, Dr. Corbató came up with another novelty: the computer's password.
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