Ian King and Kartikay Mehrotra (Hacker News, MacRumors):
U.S. District Judge Lucy Koh joined the Federal Trade Commission in a case that was filed in 2017 and accused the company of competition competition.[…]
"Qualcomm's licensing practice has tightened competition" in certain modem chip markets "for many years, and damaged rivals, OEMs and end consumers in the process," the judge wrote. She also discovered that Qualcomm's key role in the production of modem chips for smartphones using 5G made it likely that its behavior would continue.
Qualcomm must negotiate or renegotiate license agreements, licensed splits to rival chip makers at fair and reasonable prices, monitored for 7 years.
What was an even greater failure for Qualcomm was the extreme degree that the senior leaders' testimony opposed to their own handwritten notes, emails and presentation slides, including but not limited to the issue of Qualcomm's explicitly endangered device manufacturers with one disruption of chipset supplies, unless they agreed on certain patent certificate terms. As a result, "the Court largely holds Qualcomm's will, which is prepared specifically for this trial, and instead depends on these witnesses' own concurrent e-mail, handwritten notes and registered statements to the IRS."[…]
Later, Apple had to agree on total exclusivity, where a shipment of a negligible amount of non-Qualcomm modem chip units would have lost some benefits ahead and qualify for a clawback, and that is the basis of one of FTC's monopolization requirements.  Earlier:
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