Apple refused to comment. Lately, the company has called itself "an engine for economic growth in the United States." Last year, it spent $ 60 billion with 9,000 US suppliers and helped support 450,000 jobs.
In the 1980s, Steve Jobs, Apple's co-founder, wanted to create Apple computers in the United States. He was intrigued by producing trailblazers like Ford and Sony, and wanted to pave the way for American production with a factory in California that knocked out the new Macintosh computer. Apple built the modern facility in 1983.
"It wasn't good for business," said Randy Battat, a former Apple engineer. The factory closed in 1
Apple later discovered that the outsourcing of manufacturers would be far cheaper and faster and give it more flexibility when sales fluctuated. Mr. Cook, Mr. Jobs & # 39; Deputy, helped build the company's sophisticated global supply chain, which springs from around the world, including the United States, mostly for final assembly in China. The innovation was one of the keys to Apple's tremendous growth, and it helped lift Mr. Cook to succeed with Jobs as the company's CEO.
But Apple's dependence on China has sometimes caused problems. It has scrutinized Apple's use of low-wage work and evoked criticism from some customers and politicians.
So in 2012, Mr. Cook announced on TV in prime time that Apple would make a Mac computer in the United States – the first Apple product of many years to be produced by American workers. Mac Pro $ 3000 would come up with an unusual inscription: "Assembled in the United States."
But producing Mac Pro near Austin, Tex., Quickly proved to be a headache. Former employees who worked on the project said the facility was understaffed and that materials were regularly out of place. Most importantly, the team struggled to get the parts they needed in time, such as small screws. While China has a huge production infrastructure that can produce huge amounts of parts overnight, the Mac Pro team prides itself on a 20-employee Lockhart, Tex. Machine shop, which can produce up to 1,000 screws a day. The computer was delayed and the screws finally came from China.
Last month, news broke that Apple would produce its new Mac Pro in China.
The president has long pushed Apple to make more of its domestic products. He and Mr. Cook met in the White House in March, in a meeting where Mr. Trump famously called Mr. Cook "Tim Apple" while television cameras rolled.